Breast ultrasound is a breast imaging examination that uses soundwaves to take further images of the breast for breast cancer diagnosis. The sonographer places warm gel on the area to be scanned and uses an ultrasound transducer (probe) to image the area(s) of interest. Ultrasound imaging is not painful. The breast radiologist reviews the patient's images and may need to rescan the area(s), and will then review the results with the patient. Breast ultrasound complements mammography and other breast imaging techniques, but does not replace mammography.
Breast ultrasound is performed on the following patients:
- Women or men who have a lump or thickening in the breast
- Women with nipple discharge or breast pain
- Women who have breast implants
- Women who are pregnant and should not be exposed to X-ray and have breast symptoms
- Those with any other breast signs and symptoms
- Women who have dense breasts (SonoCiné)